1. Aim  

Children are well-nourished 

2. Developmental Guidelines 

Advancing further 
Young children: 

Know importance of eating clean food.
Show interest in trying new foods. 
Identify some nutritious foods. 
Help clean up any drinks or food spilled. 

3. Examples of activities 

Advancing further 
Continue with the activities and ideas from the previous section on 'Beginning' and 'Moving on' with all children and especially those who are experiencing developmental lags and disabilities. 
Sing songs and rhymes and do drama and make believe activities with the children around the themes of food and nutrition. 
Do visual art activities on the themes of nutrition and foods with the children, e.g. painting, drawing, cutting and pasting. 
Start a food garden and give children some responsibilities for its care. 

4. Broad Assessment guidelines 

Observe and discuss with parents (This is the section listed on the Observation sheet)  
Babies, toddlers and young children's:
a. Drinking and eating habits. 
b. Drinking and eating preferences. 
c. Levels of enjoyment of eating. 
d. Levels of energy. 
e. Levels of hunger. 
f.  Growth (using the Road to Health card) including underweight and obesity andheight. 
g. Developing knowledge of: 
Different types of food, tastes and values. 
Nutrition routines. 
Food and water hygiene routines. 
'Good manners' of the community and others in nutrition routines. 
h. Developing skills and behaviours for:
Preparing, offering and clearing away food. 
Using cutlery and crockery.  
Watch points to record and to act upon for individual babies, toddlers and young children at nutritional risk 
a. Undernourishment 
Symptoms of kwashiorkor (swelling of the feet, distended abdomen, thinning hair, loss of teeth, skin de-pigmentation and skin rashes). 
b. Illness 
Lack of appetite as a sign and symptom of illness. 
Vomiting and diarrhoea (several watery stools within an hour or if there is blood in the faeces) (immediately contact medical help, give boiled cool water with a little salt and sugar added and ensure the child continues to eat regularly). 
Temperature with vomiting and diarrhoea 
Great thirst or inability to drink. 
c. Obesity 
Mass according to Road to Health card (consult parents and refer to clinic). 

 1. Aim  

Children build a sense of safety and security (environmental health) 

2. Developmental Guidelines 

Advancing further 

Young children continue with the needs and activities of the previous stage and are increasingly able to: 

Identify some dangerous situations, objects and symbols. 

Give their name and address. 

Understand basic safety rules. 

Follow simple directions of what to do if in danger.

 

3. Examples of activities 

Advancing further 
Continue with the activities and ideas from the previous section on 'Beginning’and 'Moving on' with all children and especially those who are experiencing developmental lags and disabilities. 
Help children to remember their address or describe where they live. 
Point out safety symbols, for example, stop sign, fasten seat belt, poison. 
If children tell you about an incident that made them feel uncomfortable, show that you are willing to listen. 
Offer activities to young children who are experiencing developmental 'spurts’ before they enter Grade R working from the relevant sections of the CAPS documents.  

4. Broad Assessment guidelines 

Observe and discuss with parents (This is the section listed on the Observation sheet)  
Babies, toddlers and young children's ability to:

Assume responsibility for own safety within the environment.
Seek help from and respond appropriately to adults. 
Demonstrate caution within the environment and around potentially dangerous objects (for example, around stairs, traffic, animals, knives, scissors, sharp pencils). 
Awareness and ability to follow basic health and safety routines (for example, fire drill, caution around strangers, knows first and last name and where she lives for identification purposes).

Watch points to record and to act upon for individual babies, toddlers and young children at risk in safety and security:
Signs of physical or sexual abuse. 
Signs of emotional abuse. 
Signs of neglect. 
The child not noticing burns or injuries. 
Inability to make judgements about safety (for example not noticing traffic). 

Day By Day ECD, 141 Henrietta Road, Norwood, Johannesburg. Office phone: 060 561 9511

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